Bibliometric Analysis of Research Publication of Department of Chemistry, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad
Dr Vaishali Khaparde
Journal of Computer Science & Information Technology, 1(1), pp. 65-73.
The paper brings out the result of a bibliometric study of research publications of department of chemistry, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad, for the period 1975-2012. It analyzed all the 774 research publications from the 144 journals. it examines year- wise distribution of papers, authorship pattern, journal in which author publish, productivity of faculty and discipline-wise distribution etc. findings, suggestions and references are shown with relevant data analysis.

Keywords: bibliometrics, chemical science, research trends, research publications


Bibliometrics Constitutes one of the major thrust of research in the field of library and information science. It utilizes quantitative analysis and statistics to describe patterns of publications within a given field or body of literature. The term “statistical bibliography” was first employed by E.W. Hulme in 1923, to refer to the application of quantitative techniques to libraries. The word bibliometrics appeared in print in Alan pitchards article statistical bibliography or bibliometrics in the December issue of the journal of documentation. It flourished in early 20th century with the works of lotka3, bradford4, and zipf5 who observed distribution pattern in word frequency, author and journal productivity. Bibliometric methods have been used in Eastern Europe countries to monitor science and scientists. The field of bibliometrics has produced major information scientists such as B.C. brookers and h. egghe.

The present study is a bibliometric analysis of research publications of department of chemistry, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University Aurangabad, from 1975-2012. Chemistry department came into existence in 1958. It completed 54 years of its working in the year 2012. Since its inception it has been making consistent efforts to provide quality education in the area of the chemistry. It is not only the most prestigious department of the university but has also acquired prime significance at the national level. The impact of the contributions of this department in the progress of discipline is quite visible in all spheres. The department had been adopted by the UGC under its special assistance programme (SAP), (DST) AND (CSIR) under its programme for improvement of science and technology (FIST). Number of state of the art instruments available for research and teaching include (I) NMR: nuclear magnetic resonance (ii) X –ray diffract meter, (iii) gas chromatography-mass spectrometer ,(iv) UV-vis spectrophotometer,(v) fluorescence spectrophotometer,(vi) atomic absorption spectrometer,(vii) high performance liquid chromatography, (viii) differentiate scanning calorimeter, (ix) Mossbauer spectrometer etc.

2. Objectives of the study

The present study is undertaken to have an in depth study of the publication of department of chemistry during the period 1975-2012 for analyzing.

1) Year-wise distribution of papers.

2) Domain-wise growth in the publication

3) Authorship pattern of the papers.

4) Productivity of the faculty

5) Journals where the authors publish.

3. Source of Information

IThe Information About The Department Is Taken From Annual Reports. The Research Publications Have Been collected from faculty personally. The Departments Of Chemistry Is One Of The Oldest Departments In The University. Its Faculty Members Have Been 4 As Fellow Of Indian National Chemical Laboratory Pune (One), Fellow Of DST, New Delhi (One),Fellow Of The Royal Society Of Chemistry UK, Maharastra Academy Of Science Pune And National Environmental Science Academy Delhi And Indian Chemical Laboratory (One).Its Faculty Members Have Been 3 Awarded Ideal Teacher From Rotoract Club Of Aurangabad (One) And Government Of India (Two)

4. Methodology

The research publications from the department of chemistry were taken for study. These were collected from faculty personally and were analyzed considering year-wise distribution, authorship pattern and productivity of faculty.

5. Results and Discussion

5.1 Year-Wise Distribution of Publications

The faculty of department of chemistry regularly publishes in international journals of repute. The faculty published 774 research papers during the period of study i.e. from 1975-2012. The faculty on an average has published more than 50 research papers after 95 year. These research papers have been published in more than 150 journals resulting on an average three publications per journals. The number of research publication of department of chemistry for the period 1975-2012 has been given year-wise in table 1. Figure 1 shows the regular increase in number of publications from 1975to 2012. The department published only one papers in journal of the Indian chemical society in the year 1975- which rose to 53 papers in the a result, where as in the year 1975, department published only 0.13%of total publications, in year the 2012 the contribution increased to 15.50%.

Table 1:- Year-Wise Number of Publication for the Period 1975-2012 Distribution
Figure No. 1:- year-wise growth of publications: period 1975-2012

5.2 Journals where the scientists publish

The publications have been classified into three different categories in accordance with their number in each journal. The “category A” involves the journals where 21-67 research paper have been published,”category B” contains the journals where respectively 12-17 papers have been published and “category C” involves the journals where 1-9. The list of journals of categories A, B, and C and their impact factors are tabulated in table 2 and such as figure no. 2 given the bellow.

Table 2:- list of journals of categories A-B and C

5.3 Discipline-Wise Distribution of Publications

The research publications in chemistry can be classified into three main disciplines i.e. (I) organic chemistry (ii) inorganic chemistry (iii) physical chemistry (table 4) though many of these publications have research work across these boundries, the classification has been done by considering the theme of the work.

Table 3 reveals that the department published 66.40% papers in organic chemistry, 23.91% in inorganic chemistry and 9.69% in physical chemistry and showing the figure no. 2 in following types.

Table 3:- Discipline-wise distribution of publication
Figure no. 2:- Discipline- wise distribution

5.4 Authorship Pattern of Papers

Collaborative research is common feature which is seen in science field especially during the 21st century. It is a natural reflection of complexity, scale and costs of modern investigations in science. Multi authorship provides different measures of collaboration in the subject. Table 4 shows that all the publication in chemistry are multi authored. This shows that the collaborative research is more useful in this field.

Table 4:- Authorship Pattern of the Papers
Figure 3 Authorship pattern of the papers

5.5 productivity of faculty

To evaluate the productivity of faculty in chemistry department It was seen that Dr. M. S. Shingare has published 259 papers during (1975- 2012).

Table:-5 productivity of faculty

6. Findings

The following findings are drawn from the study.

1) The number of publications has increased consistently from the year 1975 to the year 2012. 25% of the total publications have been made in 2009, 2010, and 2011.

2) The majority of the publications are made with 4 authors

3) The productivity of faculty in large number of the 259 paper published.

4) The majority of the research paper published in journal of heterocyclic chemistry.

5) The productivity of the year in large number of 124 papers published.

7. Suggestions

The following suggestions are put forth to further enhance the quality of research work in chemistry.

1) The scientists should produce high quality research papers and publish these in the journals having high impact factor.

2) As the research has become interdisciplinary, more and more emphasis should be on collaborative research.

3) More and more research paper should be written in collaboration with other departments of the university and also with foreign institutes to give research work world recognition.


Annual report (2008-2009) Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathawada University, Aurangabad.

Khaparde V. S. (2011). E-journals in library and information science: A Bibliometric study. International journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 1(11) Special Issue August 2011 Center for promoting Ideas, USA.

Khaparde V. S. (2011). Use of Internet by Research Scholars of Social Science Departments of Dr. Babasaheb

Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 1(10) August 2011, Center for promoting Ideas, USA.

Khaparde V. S. Pattern of information use by researchers in library and Information Science. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 1(12) September 2011 Center for promoting Ideas, USA.

Khaparde V. S. Use of Information by Library Science Professionals: A Bibliometric Study. British Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 1(2) October, 2011, London, United Kingdom, 78-90 ISSN 2048-1268.

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Khaparde V. S. Information Usage of Biological Science Researchers of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad. International Library Movement, Vol.33 (2) June, 2011, Holy Temple Library, Ambala, 64-71. ISSN 0970-0048.

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Jadhav Vandana & Khaparde V. S. Citation Analysis of Ph D theses on Physics submitted to Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Collnet Journal of Scientometrics and Information Management. Vol. 5(1) June 2011, ISSN: 0973-7766.